According to customs statistics, in 2013, the national export value of weighing instruments reached US$1.043 billion, a year-on-year increase of 2.74%. Due to the bumpy road to the recovery of the world economy in 2013, the European debt crisis has worsened, and the already fragile economic recovery situation has been in trouble. The economic growth rate of developed economies continued to decline, and the growth rate of emerging markets and developing economies slowed down. Fiscal austerity, financial turmoil, and fragile markets have made many economic indicators such as investment, employment, and manufacturing no signs of improvement. After the rapid growth of China's weighing instrument products in the past decade and more than 10%, the first negative growth in 2009 (11% less than the previous year), and once again showed a slow growth in 2012. However, in the case of such a poor economic environment at home and abroad, the export volume of weighing instruments in 2013 exceeded the $1 billion mark again, which is worth celebrating.
From the perspective of export shipments, the top three are still the four provinces and cities of Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Shanghai. The export value of the four provinces and cities still accounts for 89% of the total export of national scales. The export volume of weighing instruments in Guangdong Province accounted for 38.85% of the national export value of weapons, and still ranked first. It is worth noting that the export volume of Guangdong Province and Shanghai City both showed negative growth year-on-year, while the export growth of Jiangxi Province in 2013 reached 1943%. The export products of Jiangxi Province are mainly household scales, electronic belt scales, etc., among which the weighing scales of more than 30 kilograms, less than 5000 kilograms, and other railways are the new export products of Jiangxi Province.
Among the national export scales, household scales accounted for 42.86% of the total export volume of national scales, and the total export volume of household scales was 447 million US dollars, but the export volume decreased by 0.52% and the price increased by 3.75%. The main delivery areas of household scales are Guangdong Province (about 49%) and Zhejiang Province (about 33%), mainly exported to the United States (about 20%) and Germany (about 11%), accounting for about the export of national weighing products. A total of 20% ($208 million) is an instrument weighing ≤30kg.
China imported a total of weighing instruments from 50 countries and regions. The annual import value of weighing instruments once again exceeded 100 million yuan (US$), and the import value of weighing instruments increased by 2.78% year-on-year. The main sources of import of weighing instruments are Germany (about 25%), Japan (about 23%), and South Korea (about 8%). The main receiving areas for imported scale products are Shanghai (about 23%), Jiangsu (about 21.%), and Guangdong (about 9%). The import and export surplus of weighing instruments reached US$900 million, and the trade surplus increased by US$24.91 million compared with 2011.
Imported scale products accounted for the largest amount of imports of national scales imported products (about 32%), followed by weighing parts (about 26%) and belt scales (about 16%). Quantitative scales are mainly imported from Japan (quantitative packaging scales, quantitative sorting scales, batching scales) and Switzerland (other quantitative scales). The main receiving areas of imported quantitative scales are Guangdong Province (quantitative packing scales, other quantitative scales), Shanghai (quantitative packing scales, quantitative sorting scales), and Chongqing (dosing scales). The belt scales are mainly imported from Germany (about 34%), and the main receiving areas of belt scales are Jiangsu Province (about 23%) and Shanghai (about 20%).